Monday, February 14, 2005

A definition of Fascism

Fascism

  1. A style of government that seeks order and control as an end in and of itself. Historically this control has stemmed from the state as the prime construct in a culture

  2. A political theory espousing such a style of government or one similar.

  3. The act of calling for a move from non-order to order or from the uncontrolled to the controlled. regardless of any justification for such a move or for its own sake. Fascism also often espouses an "eternal struggle" in which all are constantly fighting for their lives (either literally or metaphorically) and claims that without struggle humanity would become soft and civilization would collapse.

  4. A style of government similar to authoritarianism or totalitarianism but appealing to nationalism and attempting to minimize the power of the working class and labor unions as much as possible (in other words, rejecting individualism and socialistic ideology). This government often uses war as a way to inspire nationalism or silence dissent at home. See Goebbels' comment on "All you have to do is to tell the people they are being attacked and they will give you anything you want."

  5. "The State not only is authority which governs and molds individual wills with laws and values of spiritual life, but it is also power which makes its will prevail abroad.... For the Fascist, everything is within the State and... neither individuals nor groups are outside the State.... For Fascism, the State is an absolute, before which individuals or groups are only relative...." (From Encyclopedia Italiana, 1932 edition, attributed to Benito Mussolini)

  6. A militant form of right-wing populism. (Fascism as described by Fritzsche)

Suggestions for alteration? Objections?

(Revision 3)

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